Korruption in der Schweiz: Rechtsgrundlagen und Risikobereiche

Das vorliegende Skript soll eine Einführung in die Rechtsgrundlagen und die Risikobereiche der Korruption in der Schweiz vermitteln. Der erste Teil des Skripts beschäftigt sich mit den Fragen, was Korruption genau ist, wie diese wirksam bekämpft werden kann und welches die bestehenden Rechtsgrundlagen sind. Im zweiten Teil wird der Fokus auf die verschiedenen Risikobereiche Politikfinanzierung, Privatwirtschaft, Potentatengelder, öffentliches Beschaffungswesen, Sport und Entwicklungszusammenarbeit gerichtet, welche nach Ansicht von Transparency International Schweiz besonders anfällig auf korrupte Praktiken sind. Allen an der Korruptionsthematik Interessierten soll das Skript als Basisliteratur dienen, es kann jedoch auch als Nachschlagewerk verwendet werden. Es basiert neben Publikationen und dem Know-how von TI Schweiz auch auf der gängigen Fachliteratur und wurde in Zusammenarbeit mit internen und externen Experten erstellt. Vor allem bei der Erarbeitung der verschiedenen Risikobereichen wurde auf das jeweils spezifische Fachwissen zurückgegriffen. Zudem sind zahlreiche weiterführende Hinweise auf Literatur und Rechtsprechung enthalten. Mehrfach zitierte Werke werden in den Fussnoten jeweils bei der ersten Nennung vollständig aufgeführt, bei den nachfolgenden wird auf die erste verwiesen. Sämtliche Internetquellen wurden, falls nicht anders vermerkt, zuletzt im März 2015 besucht. Zur Publikation Weitere Publikationen  

The transparency international football governance league table

Between 2011 and 2014 FIFA distributed a minimum of US$2.05 million to each of its 209 member football associations (FAs). This included a one-off payment in 2014 of US$1.05 million following the success of the World Cup.During that same period FIFA also gave US$102 million to the six regional football Confederations. FIFA says the money is for football development. But other than a partial accounting on the FIFA web site, there is no clear way to track what the FAs did with all that money. 81 per cent of FAs have no financial records publicly available 21 per cent of FAs have no websites 85 per cent of FAs publish no activity accounts of what they do Transparency International looked for what information is publicly available on the websites of the activities and expenditures of the 209 FAs and six regional Confederations. We wanted to find out how transparent they are about the money they receive from FIFA and their other revenues. Many of the FAs and the confederations have income from sponsors, broadcasting licenses, ticket sales, international matches and other sources in addition to the funds for FIFA. While they prominently display the logos of their sponsors on their...

GIVE BACK THE GAME: How to fix FIFA

FIFA is a non-governmental, non-profit organisation with revenues that exceed US$5bn. It has unprecedented reach, political clout and enormous worldwide social influence. Its power is such that it can demand that World Cup host countries change their laws. Such is the global impact that countries will spend billions on hosting the World Cup. If FIFA were a multi-national corporation it would be accountable to its shareholders. FIFA and its executive committee have no accountability to anyone except themselves. It is exempt from the kind of legal oversight, disclosure and compliance rules that would be standard for businesses of this magnitude. FIFA’s objectives are to improve the game “in the light of its unifying, educational, cultural and humanitarian values” and “to promote integrity.” In this it is failing. It has forgotten that it is the custodian of the sport, not the owner. It is time to listen to the millions who play the game and the billions of supporters. FIFA is a flawed democracy that needs to be fixed urgently. Transparency International is calling on FIFA’s leaders to present a serious reform programme to their delegates and that those delegates should back change and elect a president that embraces integrity. The...

LOBBYING IN EUROPE

This report examines the practice of lobbying and the attempts to regulate it in 19 European countries and within the three core EU institutions.2 It comes at a time when public trust in government is at an all-time low and the practice of lobbying is widely associated with secrecy and unfair advantage. It also comes at a moment when an increasing number of governments in Europe are promising to tackle the problem of undue influence in politics, and the need for good government is particularly pressing given the range of economic, social and political challenges currently faced by European countries and EU institutions. Lobbying is an integral part of a healthy democracy, closely related to universal values such as freedom of speech and the right to petition of government. It allows for various interest groups to present their views on public decisions that may come to affect them. It also has the potential to enhance the quality of decision-making by providing channels for the input of expertise on increasingly technical issues to legislators and decisionmakers. According to a 2013 survey of 600 European parliamentarians and officials, 89 per cent agreed that, “ethical and transparent lobbying helps policy development”. Despite this,...

Sammlung von konkreten Korruptionsfällen

Was man aus der Praxis lernen kann Korruption hat im Bereich der EZA verschiedene negative Folgen: Einerseits führen korrupte Praktiken zur ineffizienten Ressourcenallokation (von materiellen und immateriellen Gütern) oder zu strafrechtlichen Folgen und einem Imageverlust der Organisation selbst. Anderseits hemmen diese Praktiken eine effiziente Armutsbekämpfung sowie eine nachhaltige wirtschaftliche und soziale Entwicklung in den Ländern, in denen die EZA­Organisationen tätig sind. Es ist deshalb wichtig, diese Problematik anzugehen und dabei neue Massnahmen zu entwickeln, um Korruption in der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit zu erkennen, vorzubeugen und zu bekämpfen. Transparency International Schweiz möchte durch die Beschreibung von konkreten Fällen von Korruption, im Kontext der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit, den in diesem Bereich tätigen Organisationen praktische Anleitungen und Verhaltensempfehlungen anbieten, welche sie dabei unterstützen sollen, in schwierigen Situationen angemessen zu handeln und wirksame Massnahmen gegen Korruption auszuarbeiten. Als Ergänzung und Vollständigkeit dieser Thematik können ebenfalls die Broschüren „Checkliste zur Selbstevaluation“ und „Ratgeber für Nichtregierungsorganisationen“ von Transparency International Schweiz und Brot für alle herbeigezogen werden. Zur Publikation (DE) Zur Publikation (EN) Weitere Publikationen

Preventing Corruption in Humanitarian operations

The idea for this Handbook came from the massive humanitarian response to the Asian tsunami, when the huge levels of resources committed by the international community created concern about new opportunities for corruption. Many international development agencies have put in place corruption prevention polices tailored to development programmes, but there was a noticeable gap in policies for preventing corruption in emergencies. Based on extensive research within and beyond the humanitarian sector, as well as detailed input from the humanitarian community itself, this handbook aims to fill that gap. It offers a menu of good practice tools for preventing and detecting corruption in humanitarian operations. Zur Publikation Weitere Publikationen

Business Principles for Countering Bribery

The Business Principles for Countering Bribery were originally developed through an extensive multi-stakeholder process involving companies, non-governmental organisations and trade unions as a tool to assist enterprises to develop effective approaches to countering bribery in all of their activities. Enterprises should implement anti-bribery programmes both as an expression of core values of integrity and responsibility, but also to counter the risk of bribery. Risk will vary across different industries and specific companies, but no enterprise can be sure that that it will be free of risk. An effective anti-bribery programme strengthens reputation, builds the respect of employees, raises credibility with key stakeholders and supports an enterprise’s commitment to corporate responsibility. The Business Principles represent a good practice model for corporate anti-bribery policies and programmes. They apply both to bribery of public officials and to private-to-private transactions. The purpose of the Business Principles is to provide practical anti-bribery guidelines for all enterprises to help create a more level playing field. TI has prepared a Guidance Document2, which provides the rationale for the provisions of the Business Principles, some advice for implementation and detailed discussion and information on key topics. The Business Principles were originally published in 2003. The 2009 edition is...

KORRUPTION UND KORRUPTIONSBEKÄMPFUNG IN DER SCHWEIZ

Bis heute ist die Meinung weit verbreitet, in der Schweiz sei Korruption weitgehend unbekannt. Tatsächlich gibt es in der Schweiz gemäss internationalen Vergleichen vergleichsweise wenig Korruption. Allerdings rufen die ans Licht kommenden Fälle von Bestechung, Veruntreuung oder Vetternwirtschaft regelmässig in Erinnerung, dass die Schweiz keineswegs eine Insel ohne Korruption ist. Zudem muss bedacht werden, dass diese Fälle nur die Spitze des Eisbergs darstellen, weil die Mehrheit der Korruptionsfälle nie ans Tageslicht kommt. Die vorliegende Broschüre gibt einen Überblick darüber, in welchen Formen Korruption in der Schweiz auftritt und was gegen das Problem getan werden kann. Sie richtet sich nicht in erster Linie an ein Fachpublikum, sondern an alle, die sich für das Phänomen Korruption im Schweizer Kontext interessieren. Das erste Kapitel widmet sich dem Begriff der Korruption im Allgemeinen sowie ihren Ursachen und Folgen. Danach wird der Fokus auf die Schweiz und ihren Umgang mit der Korruption gerichtet. Nach einem Überblick über die rechtliche Situation werden verschiedene Bereiche genauer betrachtet, die im Bezug auf Korruption in der Schweiz bedeutsam sind. Dabei werden die Ausführungen mit Fallbeispielen veranschaulicht. Der letzte Teil der Broschüre widmet sich den Möglichkeiten der Bekämpfung von Korruption. Häufig wird Korruption als unvermeidlich oder gar als nötiges Übel...

EXPORTING CORRUPTION: PROGRESS REPORT 2013

Professor Mark Pieth of Switzerland will step down as chair of the OECD Working Group on Bribery at the end of 2013, a position he has held since the Working Group was organized in the early 1990s. He led the negotiations which resulted in the adoption of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention in December 1997. After the Convention went into effect, Professor Pieth presided over the followup monitoring process to promote implementation by the Parties. The rigorous country reviews conducted by the Working Group are widely regarded as the gold standard for treaty monitoring. On this occasion, Transparency International pays tribute to Professor Pieth’s outstanding leadership, dedication and perseverance, pressing even the most reluctant governments to take action. Transparency International commends the selection of Drago Kos of Slovenia as the new chair of the Working Group beginning in January 2014. His previous work as president of GRECO, the Council of Europe’s anti-corruption organisation, and as head of Slovenia’s anti-corruption agency demonstrates the capabilities needed to move the Convention forward. Zur Publikation Weitere Publikationen

INTERNATIONAL PRINCIPLES FOR WHISTLEBLOWER LEGISLATION

Recognising the role of whistleblowing in corruption-fighting efforts, many countries have pledged to enact whistleblower protection laws through international conventions. And, ever more governments, corporations and non-profit organisations around the world are putting whistleblower procedures in place. It is essential, however, that these policies provide accessible disclosure channels for whistleblowers, meaningfully protect whistleblowers from all forms of retaliation, and ensure that the information they disclose can be used to advance needed reforms. To help ensure that whistleblowers are afforded proper protection and disclosure opportunities, the principles presented here serve as guidance for formulating new and improving existing whistleblower legislation. They should be adapted to an individual country’s political, social and cultural contexts, and to its existing legal frameworks. They take into account lessons learned from existing laws and their implementation in practice, and have been shaped by input from whistleblower experts, government officials, academia, research institutes and NGOs from all regions. These principles will be updated and refined as experiences with legislation and practices continue to unfold. Zur Publikation Weitere Publikationen